Life in a fishbowl: Survey gives voice to pastors’ spouses

Graphic courtesy of LifeWay Research

Ninety percent of pastors’ spouses think ministry has had a positive effect on their family. Graphic courtesy of LifeWay Research

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (RNS) — The vast majority of U.S. Protestant pastors’ spouses say ministry has had a positive effect on their families but many report being isolated and under financial stress.

A new LifeWay Research survey, released Tuesday (Sept. 12), finds that most spouses are directly involved in the work of their churches, with 1 in 5 holding a paid position and two-thirds serving in unpaid capacities.

“Spouses have an important role in the church, even if it’s not an official role,” said Scott McConnell, executive director of the Nashville-based evangelical research firm. “The variety of experiences kind of reminds us just not to tuck them into a single mold.”

Scott McConnell, executive director of LifeWay Research, speaks at the Religion News Association meeting in Nashville, Tenn., on Sept. 9, 2017. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks

The findings, discussed at the annual meeting of the Religion News Association days before their official release, present a picture of the varied life of the spouses behind the person in the pulpit. Some help with the church’s music or children’s ministries; some serve as secretaries or co-pastors; and others work outside of the church but also give a listening ear to troubled members.

While 85 percent of respondents said their church takes “good care of us,” 6 in 10 agreed that their family’s financial needs are not met by the salary received from their church.

On a panel at the RNA meeting, Lisa Rhea spoke as the wife of a bivocational pastor of a Nashville-area Episcopal church and her expectation that pastors’ salaries tend to be small.

“They’re not NFL football players,” said Rhea, whose husband, the Rev. Robert Rhea, is vicar of All Saints’ Episcopal Church in Smyrna, Tenn., as well as an emergency room physician.

A panel of Nashville, Tenn.-area pastors’ spouses — Dorena Williamson, Jill Rose and Lisa Rhea — at the Religion News Association meeting in Nashville, Tenn., on Sept. 9, 2017. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks

More than two-thirds of respondents said they are concerned about the level of retirement benefits they will have to live on when they are older.

Spouses also noted stressors in a life of ministry. For example, 79 percent said their congregation expects their family to be “a model family.” Almost half said their family lives in a “fishbowl.” And 69 percent said there are “very few people” in whom they can confide about “the really important matters in my life.”

Dorena Williamson, wife of the senior pastor of a Strong Tower Bible Church in Nashville and daughter of parents in full-time ministry, said during the RNA panel: “My mother has been probably my chief confidante.”

Dorena Williamson, wife of Pastor Chris Williamson of Strong Tower Bible Church in Nashville, Tenn., speaks at the Religion News Association meeting in Nashville, Tenn., on Sept. 9, 2017. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks

She also spoke of the challenge of being a “burden bearer” along with her husband, and that this duty can follow them even into the grocery store. And she said she relies on the self-denying example of Jesus when “some turn and become very critical and treat you as your enemy.”

Despite the challenges, clergy wives such as Williamson and Rhea said they still value their experiences supporting their husbands.

“It’s never a call to an easy life,” said Rhea, but it’s also an opportunity to “bring grace and a joy that you never thought was possible.”

The survey of 722 spouses included mainline and evangelical Protestants. Most of the respondents were female but 4 percent were male.

It was sponsored by Houston’s First Baptist Church, the Southern Baptist Convention’s North American Mission Board and Houston physician Richard Dockins. The mailed survey, conducted between June 21 and Aug. 2, has a margin of error of plus or minus 3.7 percentage points.

Some of its other findings about pastors’ spouses include:

  • 85 percent said their family has vacation time during a typical year
  • 84 percent said they are satisfied with their life
  • 72 percent said their spouse had experienced resistance to his/her leadership
  • 53 percent are employed in a paid position outside of the church
  • 24 percent said their children often don’t want to attend church
  • 9 percent have a seminary degree.

About the author

Adelle M. Banks

Adelle M. Banks, production editor and a national reporter, joined RNS in 1995. An award-winning journalist, she previously was the religion reporter at the Orlando Sentinel and a reporter at The Providence Journal and newspapers in the upstate New York communities of Syracuse and Binghamton.


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  • The strain of being a role model must be pretty tough. Probably the best solution is a non-related outside job that exposes the women to non-Christians for several hours or who at least are not members of their church. Another is drawing clear boundaries around their lives that exclude the congregants. I get the joy part but marriages need privacy and protection to grow.

  • Of the 3 pastors and their families that I have known in the past 27 years, 2 of them are in comparable middle class economic circumstances that would fit many people who have planned well, and been treated pretty well financially by their congregations as they have either retired or near retirement. The 3rd pastor came a little bit later to the ministry and a pretty small congregation, but some of us are doing our best by him and his family. The stresses on pastors and their families are not necessarily unique, but they make up a narrow segment of the professional classes, and face particular challenges most of us don’t have to contend with. 85% declare good care, even as 72% testify to resistance. That seems an odd, but unsurprising dichotomy. 59% note limited family time/49% mention the fishbowl effect, no surprises there. Such a life is a calling unlike almost any other profession except perhaps for lifetime military service. .